“The endocannabinoid system plays a regulatory role in a number of physiological functions, including motor control but also mood, emotion, and cognition.
A number of preclinical studies in Parkinson’s disease (PD) models demonstrated that modulating the type 1 cannabinoid receptor (CB1R) may improve motor symptoms and components of cognitive processing. However, the relation between CB1R, cognitive decline and behavioral symptoms has not been investigated in PD patients so far.
The aim of this study was to examine whether CB1R availability is associated with measures of cognitive and behavioral function in PD patients.
Decreased CB1R availability in the prefrontal and midcingulate cortex in PD patients is strongly correlated with disturbances in executive functioning, episodic memory, and visuospatial functioning. Further investigation of regional CB1R expression in groups of PD patients with mild cognitive impairment or dementia is warranted in order to further investigate the role of CB1R expression in different levels of cognitive impairment in PD.”