Cannabinoids inhibit fibrogenesis in diffuse systemic sclerosis fibroblasts.

Rheumatology

“Recently, it has also been demonstrated that the pleiotropic cannabinoid system is involved in both liver and pancreatic fibrosis. Furthermore, cannabinoids may play a pro- or anti-fibrogenic role depending on their interaction with CB1r or CB2r.

This raises the possibility that pharmacologic modulation of the endocannabinoid system could be a target to limit tissue damage in pathologic fibrosis.

It has been demonstrated that the endocannabinoid system is up-regulated in pathologic fibrosis and that modulation of theĀ cannabinoid receptors might limit the progression of uncontrolled fibrogenesis.

Both CB1 and CB2 receptors were over-expressed in dcSSc fibroblasts compared with healthy controls.

Our preliminary findings suggest that cannabinoids are provided with an anti-fibrotic activity, thereby possibly representing a new class of agents targeting fibrosis diseases.”

http://rheumatology.oxfordjournals.org/content/48/9/1050.long

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