Endocannabinoid System Contributes to Liver Injury and Inflammation by Activation of Bone Marrow-Derived Monocytes/Macrophages in a CB1-Dependent Manner.

“Hepatic injury undergoes significant increases in endocannabinoids and infiltrations of macrophages, yet the concrete mechanisms of changes in endocannabinoids and the functions of macrophage-expressed¬†cannabinoid¬†receptors (CBs) are unclear…

In the chimeric murine model, we found that blockade of CB1 by administration of a CB1 antagonist inhibited the recruitment of Bone marrow-derived monocytes/macrophages (BMM) into injured liver using immunofluorescence staining and FACS, but it did not have effects on migration of T cells and dendritic cells without CB1 expression. Furthermore, activation of CB1 enhanced cytokine expression of BMM. In vivo, inhibition of CB1 attenuated the inflammatory cytokine level through real-time RT-PCR and cytometric bead array, ameliorating hepatic inflammation and fibrosis.

In this study, we identify inactivation of BMM-expressed CB1 as a therapeutic strategy for reducing hepatic inflammation and fibrosis.”

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26320250

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