Dietary intake of polyunsaturated fatty acids alleviates cognition deficits and depression-like behaviour via cannabinoid system in sleep deprivation rats.

Behavioural Brain Research“Sleep deprivation (SD) is a common feature in modern society. Prolonged sleep deprivation causes cognition deficits and depression-like behavior in the model of animal experiments.

Endocannabinoid system are key modulators of synaptic function, which were related to memory and mood. Although the underlying mechanism remains unknown, several studies indicated the benefits of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs, linolenic acid, 39.7%; linoleic acid, 28%; and oleic acid, 22%) on brain function through the endocannabinoid system.

The present study aimed to evaluate the influence of dietary PUFAs on cognition deficits induced by sleep deprivation in Sprague Dawley rats.

The results revealed that SD led to the disorder of cognition and mood which was improved by the supplement of PUFAs.

SD significantly increased the mEPSC frequency, and decreased the protein level of cannabinoid type-1 receptors (CB1R). These changes were restored by supplement of PUFAs, which showed a similar level to the control group. Behaviour tests showed that the positive effects on repairing cognition and anxiety disorders were almost completely abolished when the CB1R receptor antagonist rimonabant was applied to the SD rats.

These findings indicated that PUFAs are a factor regulating cognition deficits and depression induced by SD via cannabinoid type-1 receptors.”

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/32035867

“PUFAs reduced cognition deficits and depression-like behaviours of sleep deprivation rats in the behaviour tests.”

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0166432819317218?via%3Dihub

“Hempseed oil is over 80% in polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), and is an exceptionally rich source of the two essential fatty acids (EFAs) linoleic acid (18:2 omega-6) and alpha-linolenic acid (18:3 omega-3). The omega-6 to omega-3 ratio (n6/n3) in #hempseed oil is normally between 2:1 and 3:1, which is considered to be optimal for human health.”

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/226272227_Hempseed_as_a_nutritional_resource_An_overview

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