Protection from Radiation-Induced Pulmonary Fibrosis by Peripheral Targeting of Cannabinoid Receptor-1.

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“Radiation-induced pulmonary fibrosis (RIF) is a severe complication of thoracic radiotherapy that limits its dose, intensity, and duration. The contribution of the endocannabinoid signaling system in pulmonary fibrogenesis is not known. Using a well-established mouse model of RIF, we assessed the involvement of cannabinoid receptor-1 (CB1) in the onset and progression of pulmonary fibrosis.

Our results show that CB1 signaling plays a key pathological role in the development of radiation-induced pulmonary inflammation and fibrosis, and peripherally restricted CB1 antagonists may represent a novel therapeutic approach against this devastating complication of radiotherapy/irradiation.”

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26426981

“We report for the first time the involvement of cannabinoid receptor 1 (CB1)-mediated signaling in the onset and progression of radiation-induced pulmonary fibrosis (RIF). We were able to delay the onset of RIF by genetic targeting of CB1 receptors as well as by its pharmacological inhibition. Thus, pharmacological targeting of CB1 receptors with peripherally restricted CB1 antagonists void of central nervous system complications may represent a novel strategy to prevent the development of RIF.

In summary, we provide the first evidence on the key pathological role of CB1 signaling in radiation-induced pulmonary fibrogenesis and show that peripherally restricted CB1 antagonists may represent a novel therapeutic approach against this devastating and untreatable complication of radiotherapy/irradiation. Our results also suggest that targeting CB1 may provide benefits in other lung diseases associated with inflammation and fibrosis.”

http://www.atsjournals.org/doi/10.1165/rcmb.2014-0331OC

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