“Background: Cannabidiol (CBD), a substance that belongs to the phytocannabinoids, appears to exert antioxidant, neuroprotective, antipsychotic, anticonvulsant, and anticancer properties. Recent evidence supports the immunoregulatory effect of CBD on autoimmune and/or inflammatory disease. Psoriasis is a chronic skin disease. The main immune cell population involved in the pathogenesis of the disease is the interleukin- (IL-) 17-producing T helper (Th) 17 subset. Other subpopulations, such as interferon-γ (IFNγ) -producing Th1 and T cytotoxic (Tc) 1, IL-17-producing Tc17, as well as natural killer (NK) and natural killer T cells (NKT) have been implicated in psoriasis development.
Purpose: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the in vitro effect of CBD on the aforementioned subpopulations isolated from patients with psoriasis using flow cytometry.
Methods: Cells were stimulated in the presence or absence of CBD, stained and examined using surface and intracellular markers.
Results: CBD decreased IL-17 production within the CD3, Th, and NKT cell compartments and IFNγ production within the CD3 compartment in cells isolated from patients with psoriasis. Interestingly, CBD supplementation did not inhibit production of proinflammatory cytokines in cells isolated from healthy individuals. On the contrary, IFNγ-producing Th, Tc, and NK cells increased after CBD supplementation.
Conclusion: CBD provides anti-inflammatory effects in T cells isolated from patients with psoriasis. Our results could be the impetus for future investigations regarding the immunomodulatory properties of CBD and its utilization for development of CBD-containing antipsoriatic agents.”