An Overview of Products and Bias in Research.

“Cannabis is a genus of annual flowering plant.

Cannabis is often divided into 3 species-Cannabis sativa, Cannabis indica, and Cannabis ruderalis-but there is significant disagreement about this, and some consider them subspecies of the same parent species.

Cannabis sativa can grow to 5-18 feet or more, and often has a few branches.

Cannabis indica typically grows 2-4 feet tall and is compactly branched.

Cannabis ruderalis contains very low levels of Δ-9-tetrahyocannabinol so is rarely grown by itself. Cannabis ruderalis flowers as a result of age, not light conditions, which is called autoflowering. It is principally used in hybrids, to enable the hybrid to have the autoflowering property.

There are > 700 strains of cannabis, often with colorful names.

Some are strains of 1 of the 3 subspecies. Many are crossbred hybrids.

The strains can be named in a variety of ways: smell or lineage are common ways of naming. There are only a few rules about how the strains are named, and most strains’ names do not follow the rules.

There are 4 basic preparations of marijuana: bhang, hasish, oil (or hash oil), and leaves and/or buds.

In medical marijuana trials, subjective outcomes are frequently used but blind breaking can introduce significant bias. Blind breaking occurs when patients figure out if they are in the control or the treatment group. When this occurs, there is significant overestimation of treatment effect.”

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Parkinsons’ Helped By Marijuana-Lke Chemicals In Brain

(February 11, 2007) “Marijuana-like chemicals in the brain may point to a treatment for the debilitating condition of Parkinson’s disease. In a study published in Nature, researchers from the Stanford University School of Medicine report that endocannabinoids, naturally occurring chemicals found in the brain that are similar to the active compounds in marijuana and hashish, helped trigger a dramatic improvement in mice with a condition similar to Parkinson’s.

“This study points to a potentially new kind of therapy for Parkinson’s disease,” said senior author Robert Malenka, MD, PhD, the Nancy Friend Pritzker Professor in Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences. “Of course, it is a long, long way to go before this will be tested in humans, but nonetheless, we have identified a new way of potentially manipulating the circuits that are malfunctioning in this disease.””

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