Emerging role of cannabinoids in gastrointestinal and liver diseases: basic and clinical aspects.

“A multitude of physiological effects and putative pathophysiological roles have been proposed for the endogenous cannabinoid system in the gastrointestinal tract, liver and pancreas.

These range from effects on epithelial growth and regeneration, immune function, motor function, appetite control, fibrogenesis and secretion.

Cannabinoids have the potential for therapeutic application in gut and liver diseases.

Two exciting therapeutic applications in the area of reversing hepatic fibrosis as well as antineoplastic effects may have a significant impact in these diseases.

This review critically appraises the experimental and clinical evidence supporting the clinical application of cannabinoid receptor-based drugs in gastrointestinal, liver and pancreatic diseases.

Application of modern pharmacological principles will most probably expand the selective modulation of the cannabinoid system peripherally in humans.

We anticipate that, in addition to the approval in several countries of the CB(1) antagonist, rimonabant, for the treatment of obesity and associated metabolic dysfunctions, other cannabinoid modulators are likely to have an impact on human disease in the future, including hepatic fibrosis and neoplasia.”

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18397936

http://www.thctotalhealthcare.com/category/liver-disease/

Facebook Twitter Pinterest Stumbleupon Tumblr Posterous

Beneficial paracrine effects of cannabinoid receptor 2 on liver injury and regeneration.

Logo of hal

“Accumulating data indicate that the cannabinoid system is a crucial mediator in the pathogenesis of a variety of liver diseases.

In the present study we show that CB2 receptors reduce liver injury and accelerate liver regeneration via distinct pathways.

CB2 receptors reduce liver injury and promote liver regeneration following acute insult, via distinct paracrine mechanisms involving hepatic myofibroblasts.

These results suggest that CB2 agonists display potent hepatoprotective properties, in addition to their antifibrogenic effects.”

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3246453/
“Association of the cannabinoid receptor 2 (CB2) Gln63Arg polymorphism with indices of liver damage in obese children: an alternative way to highlight the CB2 hepatoprotective properties.” http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21608006

http://www.thctotalhealthcare.com/category/liver-disease/

Facebook Twitter Pinterest Stumbleupon Tumblr Posterous

Anandamide Drives Cell Cycle Progression through CB1 Receptors in a Rat Model of Synchronized Liver Regeneration.

“The endocannabinoid system, through cannabinoid receptor signaling by endocannabinoids, is involved in a wide range of functions and physiopathological conditions.

… liver regeneration, a useful in vivo model of synchronized cell proliferation, is characterized by a peak of anandamide that elicits through CB1 receptor the expression of critical mitosis genes. The aim of this study was to focus on the timing of endocannabinoid signaling changes during the different phases of the cell cycle, exploiting the rat liver regeneration model following partial hepatectomy…

These results support the notion that the signaling mediated by anandamide through CB1 receptor may be important for the entry and progression of cells into the cell cycle and hence for their proliferation under mitogenic signals.”

 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25684344

http://www.thctotalhealthcare.com/category/liver-disease/

Facebook Twitter Pinterest Stumbleupon Tumblr Posterous