Cannabinoids and cancer.

“Marijuana has been used in medicine for millennia, but it was not until 1964 that delta9-tetrahydrocannabinol (delta9-THC), its major psychoactive component, was isolated in pure form and its structure was elucidated. Shortly thereafter it was synthesized and became readily available. However, it took another decade until the first report on its antineoplastic activity appeared. In 1975, Munson discovered that cannabinoids suppress Lewis lung carcinoma cell growth. The mechanism of this action was shown to be inhibition of DNA synthesis. Antiproliferative action on some other cancer cells was also found. In spite of the promising results from these early studies, further investigations in this area were not reported until a few years ago, when almost simultaneously two groups initiated research on the antiproliferative effects of cannabinoids on cancer cells: Di Marzo’s group found that cannabinoids inhibit breast cancer cell proliferation, and Guzman’s group found that cannabinoids inhibit the growth of C6 glioma cell. Other groups also started work in this field, and today, a wide array of cancer cell lines that are affected is known, and some mechanisms involved have been elucidated.”

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16250836

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Cannabidiol-induced apoptosis in primary lymphocytes is associated with oxidative stress-dependent activation of caspase-8

“Cannabidiol-induced apoptosis in primary lymphocytes is associated with oxidative stress-dependent activation of caspase-8” and “The non-psychoactive cannabidiol triggers caspase activation and oxidative stress in human glioma cells… we have shown that the non-psychoactive cannabinoid compound cannabidiol (CBD) induces apoptosis (cell death) of glioma cells in vitro and tumor regression…”

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17950393

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Anti-tumoral Action of Cannabinoids

“Delta9-Tetrahydrocannabinol, the main active component of marijuana… Here, we show that intratumoral administration of Delta9-tetrahydrocannabinol… induced a considerable regression of malignant gliomas… Cannabinoid treatment did not produce any substantial neurotoxic effect… cannabinoids signal apoptosis (cell death/suicide) by a pathway involving cannabinoid receptors… These results may provide the basis for a new therapeutic approach for the treatment of malignant gliomas.”

‎”Remarkably, cannabinoids kill glioma cells selectively and can protect non-transformed glial cells from death…”

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10700234

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