“Melanoma causes the greatest number of skin cancer-related deaths worldwide. Here, we evaluated the efficacy of cannabinoid receptor agonists, a new family of potential antitumoral compounds, at skin melanoma. Human melanomas and melanoma cell lines express CB1 and CB2 cannabinoid receptors. Activation of these receptors decreased growth, proliferation, angiogenesis and metastasis, and increased apoptosis, of melanomas in mice. Cannabinoid antimelanoma activity was independent of the immune status of the animal, could be achieved without overt psychoactive effects and was selective for melanoma cells vs. normal melanocytes.
Cannabinoid antiproliferative action on melanoma cells…
These findings may contribute to the design of new chemotherapeutic strategies for the management of melanoma.
…the present report, together with the implication of CB2 receptors in the control of processes such as pain initiation, emesis, and inflammation, opens the attractive possibility of finding cannabinoid-based therapeutic strategies devoid of nondesired psychotropic side effects.
Specifically, the antiproliferative effect of cannabinoids reported here may set the basis for a new therapeutic approach for the treatment of malignant melanoma.”