HU-446 and HU-465, derivatives of the non-psychoactive cannabinoid cannabidiol, decrease the activation of encephalitogenic T cells.

“Cannabidiol (CBD), the non-psychoactive cannabinoid, has been previously shown by us to decrease peripheral inflammation and neuroinflammation in mouse experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) model of multiple sclerosis (MS).

Here we have studied the anti-inflammatory effects of newly synthesized derivatives of natural (-)-CBD ((-)-8,9-dihydro-7-hydroxy-CBD; HU-446) and of synthetic (+)-CBD ((+)-8,9-dihydro-7-hydroxy-CBD; HU-465)…

These results suggest that HU-446 and HU-465 have anti-inflammatory potential in inflammatory and autoimmune diseases. ”

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26259697

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Drug-drug interaction between clobazam and cannabidiol in children with refractory epilepsy.

“Under an expanded access investigational new drug (IND) trial, cannabidiol (CBD) is being studied as a possible adjuvant treatment of refractory epilepsy in children.

Of the 25 subjects in the trial, 13 were being treated with clobazam (CLB). Because CLB and CBD are both metabolized in the cytochrome P450 (CYP) pathway, we predicted a drug-drug interaction, which we evaluate in this article…

Monitoring of CLB and nCLB levels is necessary for clinical care of patients concomitantly on CLB and CBD.

Nonetheless, CBD is a safe and effective treatment of refractory epilepsy in patients receiving CLB treatment.”

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26114620

http://www.thctotalhealthcare.com/category/epilepsy-2/

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Cardioprotective effect of cannabidiol in rats exposed to doxorubicin toxicity.

“The potential protective effect of cannabidiol, the major non-psychotropic Cannabis constituent, was investigated against doxorubicin cardiotoxicity in rats.

Histopathological examination showed that cannabidiol ameliorated doxorubicin-induced cardiac injury.

Immunohistochemical analysis revealed that cannabidiol significantly reduced the expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase, nuclear factor-κB, Fas ligand and caspase-3, and increased the expression of survivin in cardiac tissue of doxorubicin-treated rats.

These results indicate that cannabidiol represents a potential protective agent against doxorubicin cardiac injury.”

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23721741

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Cannabidiol, a nonpsychoactive Cannabis constituent, protects against myocardial ischemic reperfusion injury

Heart and Circulatory Physiology

“CANNABINOIDS ARE NATURAL and synthetic compounds structurally or pharmacologically related to the constituents of the plant Cannabis sativa or to the endogenous agonists (endocannabinoids) of the cannabinoid CB1 and CB2 receptors.

Cannabidiol (CBD) is a major cannabinoid constituent of Cannabis.

In contrast to tetrahydrocannabinol, CBD binds very weakly to CB1 and CB2 receptors. Contrary to most cannabinoids, CBD does not induce psychoactive or cognitive effects.

CBD has been shown to have anti-inflammatory properties. CBD (together with tetrahydrocannabinol) has been successfully tested in a few preliminary human trials related to autoimmune diseases…

Cannabidiol (CBD) is a major, nonpsychoactive Cannabis constituent with anti-inflammatory activity mediated by enhancing adenosine signaling.

Inasmuch as adenosine receptors are promising pharmaceutical targets for ischemic heart diseases, we tested the effect of CBD on ischemic rat hearts.

Our study shows that CBD induces a substantial in vivo cardioprotective effect from ischemia that is not observed ex vivo.

Inasmuch as CBD has previously been administered to humans without causing side effects, it may represent a promising novel treatment for myocardial ischemia.”

http://ajpheart.physiology.org/content/293/6/H3602

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Cannabidiol causes endothelium-dependent vasorelaxation of human mesenteric arteries via CB1 activation.

“The protective effects of cannabidiol (CBD) have been widely shown in preclinical models and have translated into medicines for the treatment of multiple sclerosis and epilepsy. However, the direct vascular effects of CBD in humans are unknown.

CONCLUSION:

This study shows, for the first time, that CBD causes vasorelaxation of human mesenteric arteries via activation of CB1 and TRP channels, and is endothelium- and nitric oxide-dependent.”

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26092099

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Pharmacologic effects of cannabidiol on acute reperfused myocardial infarction in rabbits: evaluated with 3.0T cardiac magnetic resonance imaging and histopathology.

“Cannabidiol (CBD) has anti-inflammatory effects.

We explored its therapeutic effects on cardiac ischemia-reperfusion injury with an experimental imaging platform…

Compared to controls, CBD treatment improved systolic wall thickening, significantly increased blood flow in the AAR, significantly decreased microvascular obstruction, increased the PDR by 1.7-fold, lowered the AMI-core/AAR ratio, and increased the MSI.

These improvements were associated with reductions in serum cTnI, cardiac leukocyte infiltration, and myocellular apoptosis.

Thus, CBD therapy reduced AMI size and facilitated restoration of LV function.

We demonstrated that this experimental platform has potential theragnostic utility.”

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26065843

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Marijuana kills brain cancer, new study confirms

“The active molecules in cannabis kill brain cancer — another study has revealed.”

“Scientists using an extract of whole-plant marijuana rich in pot’s main psychoactive ingredient THC as well as cannabidiol (CBD) showed “dramatic reductions in tumor volumes” of a type of brain cancer.”  http://blog.sfgate.com/smellthetruth/2014/11/18/marijuana-kills-brain-cancer-new-study-confirms/

“Marijuana kills brain cancer, new study confirms. The active molecules in cannabis kill brain cancer — another study has revealed.” http://blog.seattlepi.com/marijuana/2014/11/18/marijuana-kills-brain-cancer-new-study-confirms/#13130101=0

“Marijuana Kills Brain Cancer Cells. Researchers have found that the THC in marijuana causes brain cancer cells to die in both mice and humans.”  http://www.nbcphiladelphia.com/news/health/Marijuana_Kills_Brain_Cancer_Cells_All__National_.html

“Marijuana Kills Brain Cancer, New Study Confirms” http://cancerguide.byethost8.com/marijuana-kills-brain-cancer-new-study-confirms-sfgate-blog/

http://www.thctotalhealthcare.com/category/brain-cancer/

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Cannabidiol as an Intervention for Addictive Behaviors: A Systematic Review of the Evidence.

“Drug addiction is a chronically relapsing disorder characterized by the compulsive desire to use drugs and a loss of control over consumption.

Cannabidiol (CBD), the second most abundant component of cannabis, is thought to modulate various neuronal circuits involved in drug addiction.

The goal of this systematic review is to summarize the available preclinical and clinical data on the impact of CBD on addictive behaviors.

MEDLINE and PubMed were searched for English and French language articles published before 2015. In all, 14 studies were found, 9 of which were conducted on animals and the remaining 5 on humans.

A limited number of preclinical studies suggest that CBD may have therapeutic properties on opioid, cocaine, and psychostimulant addiction, and some preliminary data suggest that it may be beneficial in cannabis and tobacco addiction in humans.

Further studies are clearly necessary to fully evaluate the potential of CBD as an intervention for addictive disorders.”

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26056464

“CBD is an exogenous cannabinoid that acts on several neurotransmission systems involved in addiction. Animal studies have shown the possible effects of CBD on opioid and psychostimulant addiction, while human studies presented some preliminary evidence of a beneficial impact of CBD on cannabis and tobacco dependence. CBD has several therapeutic properties on its own that could indirectly be useful in the treatment of addiction disorders, such as its protective effect on stress vulnerability and neurotoxicity… The dreadful burden of substance-use disorder worldwide, combined with the clear need for new medication in the addiction field, justifies the requirement of further studies to evaluate the potential of CBD as a new intervention for addictive behaviors.”  http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4444130/

http://www.thctotalhealthcare.com/category/addiction/

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Cannabidiol for the Prevention of Graft-Versus-Host-Disease after Allogeneic Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation: Results of a Phase II Study.

“Graft-versus-host-disease (GVHD) is a major obstacle to successful allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (alloHCT).

Cannabidiol (CBD), a non-psychotropic ingredient of Cannabis sativa possesses potent anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressive properties. We hypothesized that CBD may decrease GVHD incidence and severity after alloHCT…

The combination of CBD with standard GVHD prophylaxis is a safe and promising strategy to reduce the incidence of acute GVHD. A randomized double blind controlled study is warranted.”

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26033282

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Synergy between cannabidiol, cannabidiolic acid, and Δ⁹-tetrahydrocannabinol in the regulation of emesis in the Suncus murinus (house musk shrew).

“Smoked marijuana contains over 100 different cannabinoids, including the psychoactive compound Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD).

THC, CBD, and its acidic precursor, cannabidiolic acid (CBDA), have all been shown to have antiemetic properties in the Suncus murinus.

Here we show that when subthreshold antiemetic doses of CBD or CBDA are combined with a subthreshold antiemetic dose of THC in the S. murinus, both lithium-chloride-induced vomiting and abdominal retching are dramatically suppressed.

These results suggest that combined effects of these compounds may lead to better control of vomiting with fewer side effects.”

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26030435

http://www.thctotalhealthcare.com/category/nauseavomiting/

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